On the day that Anne Frank and her family were betrayed and the Nazis came for them, Gies was in the office. An SS soldier pointed a revolver in her face and told her to stand back. She could only watch, in horror and tears, as the Franks were led away. After the soldiers left, Gies and some others found the hiding place ransacked. For fear that the officers would return, she quickly scanned the room and found the red orange checkered cloth bound diary she knew Anne was writing in. The diary and many other of Anne’s papers were gathered up and dumped into Gies desk drawer, unlocked. She intended to return them to Anne when she came back to Amsterdam. Obviously, that never happened. 10 months later the war was over and Otto Frank, Anne’s father came home alone. Gies gave him the diary, having never even read it herself. “It was too private and precious to Anne,” she is reported to have said, “I couldn’t invade her privacy.” This woman was a risk taker, yet never wanted any credit for the heroine that she was. Thanks to her, the world knows of Anne Frank. Imagine if she had not been so daring, so kind, so compassionate http://conicellicredit.com/only-a-healthy-nation-can-be-prosperous/, so committed to doing what she knew was right? Both Gies and Dr. King are risk takers, both people of valor. Today, right now, there are risk takers standing up for the rights of ordinary people trying to fight against extraordinary discrimination. I am sure that we will read about someone, 100 years from now, who stood with them in their fight. Will it be you? I hope so.
Robin Hood is first alluded to in William Langland’s fourteenth century poem Piers Plowman, though the reference indicates he existed much earlier in oral tradition. The oldest surviving ballads featuring him all date from a century or so later; the Child Ballads include an entire book solely of Robin Hood ballads. He is traditionally associated with Sherwood Forest in Nottinghamshire, though an important early ballad locates him in Barnesdale Forest in Yorkshire, and later ones as far afield as Scotland and London; a late ballad sets his birthplace as Locksley, a possibly fictional village in south Yorkshire or Notts. He is identified as a yeoman a non noble, free, small landholder in his original incarnations, and it is thus that he is portrayed in what is most likely his most influential depiction, as “Locksley” in Sir Walter Scott’s Ivanhoe. It was Scott who added the conflict between Saxon and Normans to the legend, which often results in People of Hair Color in later retellings: all Saxons are identifiable as blond and Normans as darker haired. The Elizabethans would attribute a title of nobility to Robin as Earl of Huntingdon; several modern incarnations make him a knight (or at least a soldier) and treat the Crusades as some sort of medieval Vietnam. Certain early elements of the legend, such as Robin’s devotion to the Virgin Mary and his antipathy to the higher clergy, have largely dropped out, to be replaced by his charity to the poor (probably developed from the early statement that he did no harm to poor farmers, yeomen, knights, or squires) and his opposition to tyranny (likely derived from his opposition entirely natural in an outlaw to the local Sheriff). He is the Trope Codifier for much of the Archer Archetype, especially the association with nature and the rebellious personality. Many of the specific feats of archery associated with this archetype (most famously, splitting an arrow in two) are first seen in Robin Hood legends or modern adaptations. Another, later ballad names a King Henry and Queen Katherine (Henry V’s queen was Catherine/Katherine (the spelling wasn’t standardized at this point) of Valois, no other King Henry had a queen named Katherine until Henry VIII); still others leave the monarch wholly anonymous, making an authentic period for Robin hard to place. The very tentative consensus current among scholars is to place the origin of the legend somewhere from ca. 1270 ca. 1350. A late 19th early 20th century tendency to view Robin’s legend as a remnant of pre Christian pagan belief in some form of nature spirit, “Robin Wood” the “Spirit of the Forest”, has largely been discredited in folklore studies, although it remains influential on more mystical retellings.
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